The Case Study Defined: Principles and Methodologies

Every once in a while, you must have come across the word case study in the course of learning and ask about stereotype essay. A case study simply means research methodology most common in social sciences and life sciences. To further expound on the definition of a case study, it can be defined as rigorous research done on a person, a group of people, an action, or a unit. Its main aim is to generalize over other units.

Why Are Case Studies Important?

Since case studies involve an in-depth analysis of a certain scenario or event, they are usually produced in research. When a case study is done correctly;

  • It helps in dissecting a problem, and thus a more in-depth understanding can be inferred and solutions developed from the case study.
  • In addition to that, case studies are important since they add to the existing knowledge brought up from the previous research.
  • In social and life sciences, case studies have been used qualitatively as a research method to investigate real-life situations, thus providing students with a necessary foundation of application of ideas.
  • Case studies are quite comprehensive, and with this, they allow the students to have a broader perspective and a holistic view. With a case study, the researcher is at liberty to use various investigative tools and techniques that they would have not otherwise used, thus gaining more knowledge and exposure.
  • Gain a deeper understanding of the topic. Case studies are instrumental in helping students and researchers establish credibility in a certain area or problem.
  • Lastly, case studies are a good way to eliminate bias as they help create a room that brings about diversity. When there is diversity, a single view perspective is eliminated and gives the students a greater understanding of the research subject.

The Challenges You Are Likely To Encounter With a Case Study

Researchers do not always agree with this research method and often criticize it, arguing that the findings from a case study cannot be generalized. To most, the case study method of research lacks a broader relevance. However, if we take a case study finding as part of broader research, students and researchers can use these findings to explore some more common problems in detail.

Additional to that, case studies have been criticized for taking longer periods to complete. In essence, for a case study to be conclusive, you have to consider the time it will take to conduct multiple interviews, data processing, and report preparations. That takes a lot of time.


While case studies are good research methods, they also come with their fair share of shortcomings. If the research is meant to investigate a single independent phenomenon, they come very much in handy. However, if the research is broad, using case studies as the only research method might be an unwise move. No one research method can work well on its own. You need to combine a variety of methods and techniques to make your research conclusive.

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