Writing a conclusion is an important part of every job. It is often possible to get a good overview of the assignment with a brief look at the conclusion. However, writing a conclusion can be quite difficult. This is because at the end it is often difficult to find something interesting or useful. The conclusions should be attractive and interesting, but they are often quite boring and “formal”.

Although formal conclusions are tempting, it is always best to avoid phrases such as “That is why we should state that …” that are clichés and do not help your work sound the best.

Useful information and advice for conclusions

What are the typical “ingredients” of the conclusion?

Study skills for academic writing follow a number of useful “ingredients” that are part of the conclusion. Again (as in the introduction), it will not always be necessary or desirable to include all elements. However, you may want to use some of them in some combination to close your work.

  • Summary of the main part of the text
  • Your personal opinion on what has been discussed
  • Declaration of Work Restrictions
  • A commentary on the future based on what has been discussed
  • Consequences of work for future research
  • Important facts and figures not listed in the main section

5 essential elements of the conclusion, even though it is not always possible to use the same conclusion:

Summary of main points (be careful not to repeat exactly what you wrote before)

  • Final statement
  • recommendation
  • predictions
  • solution

These recommendations are likely to relate to discussion essays but also to other writing at the university. For example, if you are writing a business plan or discussing a scenario, you do not need the above elements unless the question specifically asks you, or if the discipline you are working on is not known.

In general, however, you will need the last section that indicates that you are “discussing”. Always be very careful to check the conventions in the discipline you are working in and ideally look at examples of past student work to see where you are heading.

What are the differences between writing the conclusions of a bachelor thesis and a dissertation?

While working longer, it is still very important to follow some of the above principles. For example, you will still want your conclusion to end and not to go through and discuss something unrelated to work. Some people believe (mistakenly) that the conclusion is where they can “say what they want”. This is incorrect.

There are probably some key differences in your approach when drawing conclusions. Of course, the conclusions will be even more important in the dissertation or thesis, purely because of the length of the work. The differences you notice include the following:

As well as the overall conclusion of a dissertation or a thesis, each chapter should also have a conclusion (as well as an introduction). The reason for this is that in a longer writing work it becomes more important to remind the reader of what you have done and why you did it before moving on to the next stage.

The conclusion of the dissertation or thesis is not an opportunity to engage in a personal “rant.” You must infer key aspects of the literature you have studied, along with your recommendations, and how they are justified or inconsistent with your research.

In the final chapter, it is good to remind the reader of what happened in the chapter (for example, in this chapter, literature on vocabulary teaching was considered.). Then you have to create a bridge that connects this chapter with another. (Eg this will be further described in the next chapter.)

Probably the longer part of your research is in the dissertation. What is also important is that you need to sell your research at the end – that’s why it’s best not to be too negative or too modest at this point. The key to many dissertations and theses is to highlight its contribution to research.

The dissertation is more likely to have a section on the need for future research. In the dissertation you can suggest something that could be developed from your work as a doctoral thesis.

Another advice when writing conclusions

Use caution when writing tasks:

The topic you are writing does not always require a complete conclusion (this is especially the case when your work is very analytical or mathematical or not too discursive.) Remember, all tasks do not require discussion. Check your expectations in your department. If you are unsure, ask your trainer.

Even if you don’t need a complete conclusion, remember that any task almost always needs to end in a certain way. Consider it: will the reader know that you have finished your job? (Or will they just think that you have run out of time – or energy)?

Keep in mind the balance of your task. The conclusion should be clear and relatively brief.

When entering discussion types, it is often a better idea to raise questions and problems in conclusion rather than provide simplified / naive answers to the task title. Examiners will usually be very cautious about essays, theses, or dissertations that assume a solution to all world problems in a simplified and trivial way. Remember, life is never that simple.

There is no need to repeat everything you have already mentioned; that would be unnecessarily boring.

Make sure the conclusion is based on what you have already said. Often it is tempting to go to the tangent and say things that are completely unrelated to the theme. Watch it out.

It is allowed to express your opinion at the end, but try to do it gently and try not to sound too pompous or authoritative. Usually your view will be obvious from your discussion, so there is no need to conclude with statements like: In conclusion, I think Hamlet is a great game. Leave your enthusiasm for the subject to show how you discuss it. Make sure you do not use this conclusion as an opportunity to engage in an over-developed and indecisive rant.

Be careful with time. In conclusion, you will usually want to use this sentence (for example, the aim of this dissertation was…) followed by a simple past (Chapter 1 provides an overview …).

Be very careful about using the word “conclusion” anywhere except the conclusion itself! This can introduce readers. If you use the word conclusion several times in an essay, the reader is clearly trying to figure out where the conclusion really is.